Early Greek history (particularly 8th century BC and earlier), before the advent of alphabetic writing, is dependent solely on archaeological evidence, with limited credence given to mythological accounts.
Later Greek history, based increasingly on written accounts, is more certain. Most dates before 600 BC are approximate, while dates after this period can still be subject to problems and dispute.This period is the Bronze Age, 3300-1050 BC.Earliest farming settlements in mainland Greece and Crete date from the 7th to 4th millennium BC (the Neolithic Period and Copper Age). The Bronze Age began around 3300 BC, characterized by the use of copper alloy or bronze for tools and weapons. Since the early 20th century, the Aegean.
Bronze Age has tended to be divided into three chronological periods, a tripartite system that was originally intended to mirror the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms of Egypt. The Aegean also tends to be divided into three geographical regions for this period: mainland, Cyclades and Crete. The dating continuously undergoes revision, and the phases (often referred to in abbreviated form) are no longer distinct. Relative chronology is based mainly on pottery styles, and it is not often possible to use absolute dates, even with the availability of some radiocarbon dates.
In Crete the Bronze Age begins with the Minoan culture, named after the legendary king Minos.The enormous eruption of the Thera (Santorini) volcano (which brought about the legend of the lost city of Atlantis) was once thought to have marked the end of the Second Palace Period, causing the destruction of the palaces on Crete c. 1500 BC.